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Please contact salesrequests acams. Enigma puts data in the context of the real world and makes it connected, open and actionable for the Fortune Since , her mission at American Express was to more specifically focus on bringing best in class tools and technology to the virtual desks of compliance personnel at all levels, to maximize capabilities and gain meaningful intelligence in their areas of expertise.

Her role at Enigma will give her the opportunity to continue this mission full-time. Prior to American Express, Ms. Definition of false positive.

How to Reduce False Positives in Software Testing

Learn More about false positive. Share false positive Post the Definition of false positive to Facebook Share the Definition of false positive on Twitter. Resources for false positive Time Traveler: Explore other words from the year false positive first appeared Time Traveler! Explore the year a word first appeared. Dictionary Entries near false positive false pennyroyal false pimpernel false position false positive false pregnancy false proscenium false quantity. Statistics for false positive Look-up Popularity.

Other Words from false positive false positive noun Another problem with the test … is that it also produces a number of false positives ; that is, a number of neonates with elevated trypsin levels the first time they are tested are found not to have elevated levels on the second test. Comments on false positive What made you want to look up false positive?

Get Word of the Day daily email! It is known that poppy seeds do contain opiates - specifically morphine and codeine; however, content varies greatly depending upon seed source and processing. Food processing may lower the opiate levels in poppy seeds. In a study published in the Journal of Analytical Toxicology , 10 researchers determined opiate concentrations in opiate-free volunteers from 15 minutes to 20 hours after consumption of raw poppy seeds 15 grams and prepared poppy seeds on a roll.

At 20 hours, no morphine was detected for rolls or raw seeds in urine testing.

False-positive pregnancy test: 5 possible causes

This level is current as of Over-the-counter cough and cold products such as the cough suppressant dextromethorphan have been reported to lead to a false positive result for phencyclidine PCP and possibly opiates. Dextromethorphan is chemically related to levorphanol, a narcotic analgesic. The body metabolizes codeine to morphine and both substances may be found upon testing.

Confirmatory testing can distinguish between the products. Efavirenz does not bind to cannabinoid receptors. False-positive results with other cannabinoid assays have not been observed. False-positive tests for benzodiazepines have also been reported and are likely due to the 8-hydroxy-efavirenz major metabolite.

NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen , have often been implicated in causing false positives but most specimens are corrected with an alternate screening methodology if this is of concern.

In one report, authors concluded that acute or chronic use of ibuprofen or chronic use of naproxen were not regularly associated with false-positives but they do recommend secondary testing if needed. They found 26 of 98 records to be identified as false positives. Procaine brane name: Novocain or lidocaine use as a defense for cocaine abuse is not a valid excuse. If benzoylecgonine, the main metabolite of cocaine is detected in a drug test, the subject cannot claim that the result is a false positive due to Novocain administration, or any other "-caine" drug.

False Positive: When forensic science fails [Full version]

Benzoylecgonine is only found in nature as a metabolite of cocaine, and there would be no other valid reason for its presence in a drug screen. While it is difficult to tamper with a specimen, attempts have been made to alter samples, most often urine.


Abnormalities in the urine screen may indicate that results may be a false negative or that there was deliberate adulteration of the sample. A low creatinine lab value can indicate that a urine sample was tampered with - either the subject diluted their urine by consuming excessive water just prior to testing, or water was added to the urine sample. Creatinine levels are often used in conjunction with specific gravity to determine if samples have been diluted. To help avoid this problem, the testing lab may color the water in their toilet to prevent the sample from being diluted with toilet water.

The temperature of urine is also measured, to help prevent use of a substituted urine sample brought in from the outside.


Those attempting to foil the drug screen process may try to add certain enzymes to the urine sample to affect stability, but this often changes the pH, which is also tested. The most common adulterants used include certain oxidizing agents — such as nitrites, glutaraldehyde, chromates and halogens like bleach and iodine.

There have also been reports of people using products such as Visine eye drops to adulterate urine samples to cause a false-negative result for THC from marijuana. Ingredients in Visine, such as the preservative benzalkonium chloride or the borate buffer may decrease the concentration of 9-carboxy-THC in the initial urine immunoassay; however, upon confirmatory testing with GC-MS this metabolite will still be detected. Testing for adulterants in addition to drugs may be requested by the person requiring the drug screen.

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To join others who may have questions, concerns or want to voice opinions about illicit and prescription drug testing, false positives, false negatives, and other related issues, visit:. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.



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